Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co. (1968)- The court upheld a provision of the CRA of 1866 prohibiting race discrimination in private transactions involving real and personal property. The court held that the provision “bars all racial discrimination, private as well as public, in the sale or rental of property” and so construed, it was a valid exercise of the power of Congress to enforce the 13th Amend. Reasoning: Congress’ power to enforce the Amendment under -2’s enabling clause “clothed” Congress w/power to pass all laws necessary and proper for abolishing all badges and incidents of slavery in US.