Articulates privileges and immunities which are fundamental (referring to Art IV, -2) & belong, of right, to citizens of all free govts. These rights are generally: (1) Protection by the government; (2) Enjoyment of life and liberty; (3) the right to acquire property and to pursue happiness and safety; and (4) the right to pass through; or to reside in any other state and to enjoy equanimity with other citizens of the state before the law.  This latter right is controlling in this case.

The 14th Amend was intended to incorporate the Civil Rights Act of 1866. CRA was supposed to secure Fed citizenship. The 14th Amend was adopted in the event that the southern states rejoined the union.