Justice White, like Justice Burger, saw no principled distinction
between expenditures and contributions. But in sharp contrast to
Justice Burger’s view, White believed that both the contribution and
expenditure limits were valid. He disagreed with the plurality’s
equation of money with speech. Also, he would have deferred much more
completely to Congress’ superior knowledge of what motivates
politicians, and to its conclusion that expenditure limits on both
private citizens and candidates are needed to accomplish the goals of
preventing bribery and corruption and equalizing “access to the
political area.”